This document shows the result of Task 7.4 – Replication strategies in the follower cities -, where each FC has to elaborate an integrated replication strategy based on the outputs, experiences and knowledge acquired during the three-year development of Smarter Together project.
The definition process of this strategy began with the analysis of the ultimate smart city technologies, thanks to the set of tools disposed by the project such as the Knowledge carrier or ST Wiki and WP1 innovation framework documents. Interdepartmental meetings and other encounters with local stakeholders were held during this stage and brought the opportunity of defining the main challenges and needs of the city – that are displayed in detail in chapter 1.5 – and of studying and discussing the innovative smart solutions that were going to be implemented in the LHC. A local action framework (Task 7.1) was established as a result of these participative processes setting up the basis of the replication.
The recentness in considering energy transition issues by the municipality and linked to this, the absence of collective or district examples in the city of renewable energy sources introduction, the scarcity of citizen participation in the participatory processes carried out for the last three years, the lack of an intelligent municipal data management and the still predominant private vehicle in the urban mobility of the city were emphasized as the general challenges to which this strategy has to act.
One of the consequences of the previous events was the acknowledgment of the main areas of the municipality that were already developing strategies whose objectives were aligned to smart city aims. Those areas cover holistic refurbishment programs, energy efficiency, sustainable mobility, participatory processes… Furthermore, other decision makers showed interest in some of the smart solutions that were completely new for the city, as urban data platforms, energy building management systems or the introduction of renewable energy sources in the existent residential areas through collective PV systems and district heating. Therefore, a Local Action Group was constituted, with the participation of decision makers and experts of the mentioned areas, including Mayor’s office, two municipal councillorships, and other local stakeholders.
This group worked together in the definition of a Smart City Catalogue of solutions to replicate (Task 7.2) that best fit the city challenges and objectives. For that purpose, was essential the participation in the different peer to peer workshops celebrated in the LHC and the organisation of a thematic workshop in Santiago – in October 2017- about data and urban data platforms and 4.0 district heating. The measures selection also could take advantage of the methodology and set of tools of WP2, as the thematic project books.
During the last 12 months of the project, the city, along with LTP FEUGA, had the task of transforming the previous preliminary roadmap into the present document. With the constant support of Energy Cities in the definition of the appropriate contents and task timeline and the participation in various thematic workshops as the replication one organised by INEA and celebrated in Brussels or the monitoring one in Vienna (Task 7.3). In June of 2018, Santiago de Compostela organised an Intensive Lab Session with the external participation of LHC of Munich and Vienna, the FC of Sofia and the city of Eindhoven. There, foreign experts worked along with the Local Action Group and city administrators in the development of the strategy.
The five thematic areas of Smarter Together turned to be of interest for the city as it aimed to obtain a complete smart city strategy that not only gathers replicable solutions from the LHC but also includes already planned measures. The city approved several innovative documents that rule its vision beyond its spatial urban plan. Main plans and projects are the next ones: The Sustainable urban mobility plan (SUMP), the Sustainable Energy and Climate Plan (PAESC), the Sustainable and Integrated Urban Development Strategy (EDUSI) and Smartiago project. All of them include some measures aligned with the objectives of smart cities, so it has been taken the opportunity to deepen its development through a document that also will contribute to give order and readability to all the group of smart measures the city aims to implement.
In the field of citizen and stakeholder engagement, where the city has been experiencing notorious advances in participative programmes of decision-making, the concept of urban living lab present in the three LHC is going to be implemented firstly in the district of Pontepedriña, one of the integrated refurbishment areas. This district will act as well as a replicability area for the solutions of district heating network with renewable energy supply and the RES introduction for electrical consumption and heating/DHW in collective residential buildings. The thematic area of renewable energies infrastructure includes also the smart ornamental public lighting for heritage preservation and smart management service of municipal solid waste, two measures included in Smartiago roadmap.
Santiago de Compostela has acquired significant results in heritage refurbishment of its city centre and has also given steps in the holistic refurbishment of peripheral housing districts built from the 1950 to 1985 that meant the introduction of accessibility and energy efficiency improvements at the same time of public space retrofitting. The permanent refurbishment office of Santiago aims to continue with these policies focusing on Pontepedriña and Vite, the recent declared refurbishment areas. Nevertheless, the city understands that the successful present retrofit programs still can be improved introducing innovative measures of the LHC. For instance, the monitoring tools introduced in the refurbishment projects of Lyon Confluence housing buildings and also in the Energy refurbishment advice and engagement programs of Munich.
In the field of smart and sustainable mobility the strategies develop the next measures: the smart management of heritage centre mobility, the design and implementation of smart mobility solutions included in the Local Mobility Agreement of the city and the disposal of e-car sharing for residential areas.
As the city is already developing a complete transition to electronic administration and participates in the creation of a Transparency, open data and engagement tool along with Madrid, Zaragoza and A Coruña, the opportunity of getting knowledge from the experience of the three LHC about Urban data platforms is also a relevant action.
A governance measure will complete the group of selected measures in order to guarantee the needed capacity and incentive monitoring to reach the goals of this strategy.