Smart lampposts – “Open-urban-labs”

Munich Data management platform & smart services

General facts

Description & main goal

Extendable lampposts are one potential pillar to support smart city sensors. The City of Munich has redesigned and improved existing lamppost models to make them “sensor- and smart city-ready”. In October 2017, the City of Munich launched an open tender to find innovative sensor technology to be integrated into the structures and to respond to pressing urban needs of measuring air quality and environmental conditions. A second call in spring 2018 concentrated on the collection of traffic-related data. 

The intelligent lamp posts are set up in several streets and testing different functions:

  • Limesstrasse and Wiesentfelser Strasse: For parking space management, adaptive lighting, free Wi-Fi service and the validation of new sensor-based solutions
  • Freiham-Nord/Bodenseestrasse: For local air quality, environmental conditions, traffic control and management, planning, adaptive lighting, free Wi-Fi service and the validation of new sensor-based solutions
  • Freiham Nord-Grünfinger (public park): For the validation of new technologies, adaptive lighting and free Wi-Fi
  • Public pathway connecting Rothenfelserstrasse and Riesenburgstrasse via a small park: For adaptive lighting and the validation of new solutions
smart lampposts

 

Category
Infrastructure
Deployment area
Neuaubing / Westkreuz
Involved actors and their role

City of Munich: 
Department of Technology and Digitalization 

City of Munich: 
Department of Public Construction 

Key-contact person

Specific facts

Overall technology stack

Lampposts with sensor units

Number of deployed hardware devices and sensors

Not defined yet

Category of deployed hardware devices and sensors

Lamppost with embedded sensors for various applications (e.g. air quality)

Operation and maintenance (by whom)

Not defined yet

Stakeholders

City of Munich

Implementation status

In which phase is the project?
Implementation phase
 

Complete 40%
Which risks & challenges is the project currently facing?

Technological:
Integration of two recharging points in smart lampposts to reduce costs: The local team discovered considerable technical restrictions and negative economic aspects. Therefore, the local stakeholders strongly recommended cancelling the two originally planned charging points.

Legal:
Lack of experience in the preparation for Open Call for innovative solutions based on lamppost infrastructure and sensors/IoT. There has been no comparable IT-Open Call scenario in the City of Munich so far. The preparation of the call in compliance with local regulations is challenging from a legal perspective 

Participation:
Citizens worry about surveillance and active monitoring of the area.

Which previously identified risks and challenges have you managed successfully and how
  • Risk to get the “intelligent lamppost’s” statics- design approved in time was well managed due to precise preparation work of the department of construction.
  • It was decided to cancel the project of two integrated recharging points in the smart lamppost due to technical and financial considerations. A joint statement between departments was issued.
  • The wording of a reliable and legally well-defined open call document is managed by involving an experienced external lawyer.
  • A local group was set up to discuss the implication of the use of data for the community.
  • To decrease citizens’ worries of surveillance and active monitoring of the area by sensors, a transparency dashboard was set up.
Which lessons learned can be derived up to this point from the implementation process?
  • Planning and installation of intelligent lampposts: well-managed planning of milestones coupled with early involvement of all relevant city-stakeholders can avoid implementation costs and misinterpretation. 
  • Projects that contain new or additional infrastructural elements require the involvement of various stakeholders. 
What could be done better in comparable future projects (what needs to be done and what needs to be prevented)?
  • Plan additional time to coordinate planned installation with projects that are scheduled in parallel (cost saving).
  • Involve all city stakeholders early enough to detail duties and responsibilities and possible costs or budgets to be scheduled.
     
Next steps & To Do ́s

Please shortly outline the next steps planned for the implementation of the project.
Roll-out

Implementation status

In which phase is the project?
Implementation phase

What is the current implementation status/ what is the current activity step?
- Open Call for sensor suppliers/start-ups was released in September, first offers in November (second planned in Jan 2018). 
- Delivery of lampposts in progress; Free-Wi-Fi access points planning finalised.
- Installation Bodenseestraße is finished; Installation Limesstraße/Wiesentfelserstrraße is in progress; Installation in Freiham North public park (green corridor) is in progress; Preparation for Installation in connecting path (adaptive lighting only) is in progress.

Which project steps were performed since the last project reporting?
- Update of the documentation of the POIs 
- Import of the POIs in the prototype of the Smart City App Munich to show them on a digital map. 

Complete 60%
Which risks & challenges is the project currently facing?

Participation of suppliers at the Open Call might be low; 
The solutions offered by suppliers might be only in a prototypical or idea stage and not yet runnable services; 
The solutions of the suppliers might not respond to the topics defined in the first Open Call; 

Which are critical or seem invincible? Please provide a detailed description

The wording of a reliable and legally well-defined open call document is managed by involving an experienced external lawyer.

Exclusion of sensor types collecting personal data.

Which previously identified risks and challenges have you managed successfully and how

The wording of a reliable and legally well-defined open call document is managed by involving an experienced external lawyer.
Exclusion of sensor types collecting personal data. 
 

Which lessons learned can be derived up to this point from the implementation process?

To involve citizens early on and counteract potential worries through transparent communication.

What could be done better in comparable future projects (what needs to be done and what needs to be prevented)?

Plan additional time to coordinate planned installation with projects that are scheduled in parallel (cost saving).

Involve all city stakeholders early enough to detail duties and responsibilities and possible costs or budgets to be scheduled.

Next steps & To Do ́s

Please shortly outline the next steps planned for the implementation of the project.    

  • Installation of lampposts in Limesstraße/ Wiesentfelserstraße, Freiham North Public Park and Rothenfelserstraße and Riesenburgstraße will be continued.
  • Evaluation of Open Call for sensor-solutions.
  • First implementation of sensor-based solutions.
     
Implementation status

In which phase is the project?
Implementation phase

What is the current implementation status/ what is the current activity step?

  • All Sensors chosen in the first Open Call (environment and air pollution), are installed und running at the intelligent lampposts. 
  • M-WLAN Hot Spots are installed and operational at the intelligent lampposts in Bodenseestraße, Limesstraße and Grünfinger (Ellis Kaut Weg).
  • Data interfaces are implemented, and the measured sensor raw data is transferred online into the Smart Data Platform, using the new local M-WLAN infrastructure. 
  • The intelligent lamppost’s GeoPositions are imported into the GeoInfo Web system of the city
Complete 100%
Which risks & challenges is the project currently facing?
Currently no major risk or challenges detected
Which lessons learned can be derived up to this point from the implementation process?

Intelligent lampposts offer a flexible way to roll-out sensor technology in a city, and they offer the required data infrastructure (AC/DC, Ethernet or WLAN). 

What could be done better in comparable future projects (what needs to be done and what needs to be prevented)?
  • There is a need for a wider substantiated strategy and precise use cases from technical departments for the collection of sensor data. 
  • The strategy is to be supported by a cost-benefit analysis to help identify the most cost-effective means for the collection of relevant data.
  • The largest costs pertain to the infrastructure equipment of the smart lamppost (installation and connection to power supply for sensors, data transmission, LAN / WLAN etc.).
  • Future data transport medium like LoRa, 5G etc. might be interesting to test and/or implement.
  • A blanket replacement of all existing lampposts with intelligent lampposts might not be sensible.
  • Any collection of personal data is to be avoided, only bespoke data pertaining to the optimum provision of public services is to be collected. 
Next steps & To Do ́s

Please shortly outline the next steps planned for the implementation of the project.    
Based on the very positive experiences of the previous open call, a second Open Call was conducted in July/August. Focus was on solutions that take into account the technical offerings and capabilities of the intelligent lampposts and engage with Traffic counting, Parking Management and Security/Gamification. The winners will be informed by end of September 2018.